The coronavirus has recently been named by the WHO as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern . But what is this virus really, how is it transmitted and what problems does it cause to health? Next, we tell you everything that is known to date.
What is coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are part of the virus family , which were discovered in the 60’s, however, and although there have been several theories, their real origin has not yet been defined.
There are different types of coronavirus , all of them cause different diseases, some cause colds or worse, develop severe respiratory syndrome (a type of severe pneumonia).
Most coronaviruses are not dangerous and their treatment is effective. Their name is due to the structural shape they have , since they look like a crown or a halo. Specifically, it is a virus that can be in both humans and animals.
Recent coronavirus cases
In recent years, three epidemic outbreaks caused by coronaviruses have been detected, these are:
It causes severe acute respiratory syndrome, also known as SARS and SARS. It was discovered and started for the first time in China in 2002, 8,000 people were affected and it spread to 37 countries, with a total of 700 deaths. His mortality was approximately 10%.
This is the coronavirus that caused Middle East respiratory syndrome, also known as MERS. It was first detected in Saudi Arabia in 2012. As of January 2020, more than 2,500 cases of infection have been detected, it has caused more than 800 deaths, its lethality is 35%.
It is the most recent and the one that has caused alarm in several countries. It first appeared in December 2019 , in the city of Wuhan, China . Since then it has spread to several people and its contagion continues to accelerate. It is just beginning and the cases of pneumonia already exceed those of the SARS epidemic, even so, and so far, the mortality rate is low.
Despite the fact that this coronavirus has already been registered in several countries, experts consider that the chances of it causing epidemic outbreaks are very low.
What are your causes?
As mentioned before, the cause or origin of coronaviruses is unknown . Some experts have presented theories in which they consider that it could have passed to humans due to consuming certain types of animals such as bats .
It is noteworthy that, in Eastern countries, and specifically in China, the food of snakes, bats, mice, among others, is common.
Like other viruses that cause pneumonia, this one is transmitted or spread through the respiratory tract. That is to say that it can be spread from human to human, through respiratory droplets that are produced when coughing, speaking or sneezing.
Due to the above, and according to what has been discovered so far, the origin of the coronavirus, 2019nCoV , or also known as the Wuhan coronavirus , has animal origin. In fact, the first cases were detected near a market where live animals were sold in the city of Wuhan, China.
What are your symptoms?
The main symptoms produced by this coronavirus are:
- Runny and runny nose.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Chills and general malaise.
It should be emphasized that, as is the case with the flu virus, the current coronavirus has more severe and strong symptoms, and in the elderly it is usually rapidly spreading. People who have been infected and suffer from some type of cancer or diabetes are also more vulnerable to its consequences.
How is it diagnosed? How do I know if I have it?
When the patient begins with discomfort and it is believed that it is something more than a cold or flu, they should go to a hospital.
How can it be treated?
If the Wuhan Coronavirus is detected through laboratory tests, immediate quarantine will be requested . In the same way, antivirals, high-dose steroids will begin to be administered so that the pulmonary inflammation is reduced, in addition to giving respiratory support with oxygen.
As evaluated by the professional, antibiotics can be applied, but only in case there are infections of bacteria that are at high levels. Specifically, these types of infections are treated with antivirals and support measures, as mentioned, there is currently no cure for this new coronavirus .
What is the prognosis for those who suffer from it?
The future and health of the patient who has acquired the Wuhan coronavirus will depend on several factors, but according to the cases that have occurred both in China and in other countries, it is highly deadly.
7 ways to prevent getting infected with the Coronavirus
- Disinfect your hands : The WHO has recommended that people keep their hands clean, especially when consuming some type of food or handling any medication, preferably with special alcohol to disinfect.
- Wash with soap and water : If you don’t have alcohol on hand, soap and water will be an excellent barrier. It is important to wash your hands every day and as often as the person considers it necessary.
- Cough and sneeze correctly : Doctors recommend coughing and sneezing into your mouth, including placing your arm bent over your mouth or using a tissue, throwing it away after that, and washing your hands.
- Keep your distance : Avoid approaching people with flu symptoms, especially if you are in countries where the Wuhan coronavirus has been detected.
- Do not travel if you have a fever : if you have a cough, fever and shortness of breath, avoid traveling, customs and airport security rules have been increased almost everywhere in the world, if they detect these symptoms you could be quarantined in a foreign country.
- Avoid sources of contagion : Do not travel to countries where the new coronavirus has been detected, avoid consuming food from China, especially food from this country, at least until the disease has been controlled or there is a drug to fight back effectively.
- Everything well cooked : try to cook the meat correctly, avoid raw meat.
Is the coronavirus a new biological weapon?
As in every new outbreak of diseases from world powers, conspiracy theories have emerged that the Wuhan coronavirus is a new biological weapon .
Groups have said it was leaked by a group of scientists to the animals, others say it was leaked by accident. The truth is that, until now, there is no real proof of these theories. The map of the new coronavirus reflects its expansion to countries without any suspicious pattern, so these claims lose weight.
Does the coronavirus have to do with Corona beer?
We know, it seems silly to ask this, but you can’t imagine how many people are asking this question.
And well, with all the scientific certainty in existence, it can be said that Corona beer has nothing to do with this new outbreak.
Of course, jokes as memes have not been long in coming, but well, far from that, they have no relationship.
We hope that this information can be useful to you, everything written above is part of an investigation of what is currently known about this new coronavirus. We will update as new news arises, and help us by sharing this content, people must be correctly informed so as not to spread fear of false news.