Immunoglobulin is an antibody in the form of a protein that binds to antigens in specific cases. Both IgM and IgG are immunoglobulin . These antibodies are produced by the immune system to fight against enemies such as viruses or batteries. So what is the difference between IgM and IgG?
Difference Between IgM and IgG
IgM are antibodies that are produced immediately after exposure to disease. While IgG responds late . The IgG gives the patient immunity so it gives him immediate health.
Immunoglobulin G or IgG is the antibody with the highest amount in the body , it can be found in all body fluids, so it protects the body from both viruses and batteries.
Immunoglobulin M is found in the blood and lymphatic fluids . This is the first antibody that the fetus’s body is capable of producing. It is also the first antibody that is produced in case you have been exposed to a type of disease.
Doctors measure both IgM and IgG together to give a complete picture of how well the immune system is working.
The most important difference between IgG and IgM is related to exposure. IgM is activated when the human body is exposed to disease, while IgG is a slower response.
Example of how IgM and IgG work
If a child is exposed to chickenpox, initially the IgM levels in the blood will be elevated. When the child has already been infected with chickenpox, the IgG levels will be higher since, as they are antibodies, they are already working.
In an acute infection, IgM is the first antibody to come into action. It is also six times larger than IgG and is multivalent, that is, it has several binding sites. In the case of IgM, the number of binding sites is a maximum of 10.
IgM is a temporary antibody that disappears two to three weeks after a human gets the disease. After this time it is replaced by IgG which can last a lifetime and provide immunity to the person forever.
Summary of Difference Between IgM and IgG
- IgM is an antibody that acts immediately once the body has been exposed to a toxin, battery or virus.
- IgG is found throughout the body, especially in body fluids, while IgM can only be seen in blood and lymphatic fluids.
- IgM is larger than IgG.
- IgM is temporary and can disappear within weeks, while IgG can last a lifetime .
Frequently asked questions about the difference between IgM and IgG
What is immunoglobulin G?
Also known as IgG, it is one of five classes of humoral antibodies produced by the body. It is the immunoglobulin that has the highest amount in the blood, cerebrospinal fluid, blood and peritoneal fluid.
What is immunoglobulin M?
Known as IgM, it is part of the five immunoglobulin isotypes produced by mammals, it is present at 6% in the blood.
What does IgM positive mean?
Both the presence of IgM and IgM in an initial sample indicate that the person may have had an infection in recent weeks. In addition, when IgG is positive but IgM is negative or low, it indicates that the current disease has probably been suffered before.
What is IgG positive toxoplasma?
A congenital Toxoplasmosis means that there is a fetal infection due to transplacental transmission of the Toxoplasma gondii parasite that occurred during pregnancy. This congenital transmission occurs when the acute infection is first acquired during pregnancy, although this is not the case in patients with active chronic infection.
What are the types of immunoglobulins?
They are antibodies that have a long average life of several weeks in the body . They are effective defenses against pathogens, there are five types: IgG, IgM, IgA, IgD, IggE.